When it comes to whether fruit can be included in the diet of animals as a health-promoting ration, it is easy to “get on the dog”. Many types of fruit provide man’s best friend with energy and vitamins. However, there are also harmful or even poisonous fruits that the owner should know. Find out more here.
A healthy diet is important not only for humans, but also for dogs. In addition to sufficient exercise, dog food helps ensure that the animals are healthy and vital. It also has a positive effect on the life expectancy of the animal. Therefore, various trends, such as “bark” or vegetarian food for the dog, have prevailed. At BARF, the four-legged friend only receives meals made from raw meat and bones. These are supplemented with mashed or chopped fruit and vegetables, some of which are raw, some are cooked. The following applies here: what humans can eat raw, the dog can eat raw. Conversely, it goes without saying that, for example, potatoes or rice must be cooked before feeding. Fruit is a great snack between meals.
Which fruit is healthy for my dog?
Many types of fruit are healthy for dogs because they are water-rich, good sources of energy and contain vitamins. These promote various processes in the dog’s body and support the immune system. The fruit sugar contained in the fruit has a great advantage: it does not lead to obesity, tartar or diabetes mellitus.
Healthy fruit for dogs includes:
Apples and pears
Apples are rich in various vitamins and trace elements as well as pectin. Pectin is a fiber that cannot be digested in the dog’s stomach. It contributes to the healthy intestinal flora and promotes digestion. In addition, it has a water-binding effect, making apples as home remedies for dogs suffering from diarrhea. Pears are also good for digestion because they support the natural movement of the intestine. The tannins contained alleviate gastrointestinal inflammation.
Pineapple and papaya
The tropical fruits contain special protein structures, so-called enzymes, which benefit the animals’ own digestion. The enzymes have a supportive effect in the dog’s stomach when it comes to breaking down proteins from food. In addition, contained vitamin C strengthens your dog’s immune system.
Stone fruit: apricots, cherries, nectarines and peaches
They are all good sources of vitamin A, which is important for the animal’s eyesight. Vitamin A is also healthy for the skin and coat. Other vitamins support the immune system and the digestion of the animal. Apricots, cherries and nectarines are rich in the trace element potassium. It is important for the transmission of nervous system signals and for healthy muscles. Before feeding, you should always remove the kernels, as smaller dogs can clog the intestines. The stones also contain harmful substances such as hydrocyanic acid. If the animal bites the kernels, it is released in the animal’s stomach and harms your dog.
In addition to many nutrients, bananas bring a lot of energy. Therefore, they are particularly suitable for animals suffering from gastrointestinal complaints. In healthy dogs, however, increased intake of raw bananas can lead to constipation.
Bananas are less suitable for Dalmatians and Great Danes because they contain a lot of purine. This is a natural substance that is, for example, an important part of genetic information. If the animals consume too much purine, it is converted into a metabolic product which they excrete in the urine. However, Dalmatians have a genetic defect, so this process is disrupted.
As a result, the animals excrete aggressive uric acid for them in the urine, which can lead to bladder and kidney stones. You should not feed bananas at all or only very little with the two dog breeds.
Berries: blackberries, strawberries, raspberries and currants
The sweet fruits are also pure vitamin bombs for dogs, because they contain a lot of vitamin C and folic acid. Vitamin C supports the animal’s immune system in the fight against pathogens. Folic acid is one of the B vitamins and plays an important role in cell division and growth. In addition, blackberries, raspberries and currants contain valuable anthocyanins. These are special substances of the plant that serve to protect the cells from oxidative stress.
Hazelnuts, walnuts, peanuts, cashew nuts: they all contain a lot of protein, the healthy unsaturated fatty acids and a high content of important trace elements. So that they can be digested more easily, you should chop the nuts before feeding.
Basically, it is advisable that you feed your dog in moderation with fruit and with very ripe fruit. Dried and dried fruit is also suitable as a healthy snack, but not as a regular treat. If the animals eat too much dried fruit, they can develop bloating and diarrhea. It also brings a lot of energy because it contains more calories than fresh fruit. It is also best to keep an eye on the dog’s weight so that your four-legged friend does not become overweight.
Which fruit should my dog not eat?
There are also types of fruit where it is not recommended to feed them to your dog. Plums, mirabelles and plums are among the fruits that the animals should only eat occasionally. The fruit skins are difficult to digest and can ferment in the intestine. They also have a laxative effect. Be careful when there are orchards and meadows on your walk: Make sure that your four-legged friend does not eat any fruit that may be fermented. Plums, mirabelles and plums also contain indigestible hard kernels that can lead to constipation. It also contains harmful cyano and hydrocyanic acid compounds.
Other fruits and nuts not suitable for dogs:
- Although citrus fruits are optimal sources of vitamin C, they contain a lot of acid. Dogs with acidification problems therefore tend to get gastrointestinal complaints from citrus fruits.
- Grapes and raisins are absolutely not suitable for dogs. Dogs that have eaten the fruit in large quantities often show signs of intoxication: they have to vomit and are very sluggish. There is also a risk that your kidneys will fail. In this situation, it is advisable that you see a veterinarian.
- Macadamia nuts are also harmful to the four-legged friends and also trigger symptoms of intoxication. Almonds, especially bitter almonds, contain bitter substances and harmful hydrocyanic acid.
- Avocados are also not suitable as a snack for dogs. They contain the active ingredient persin and lead to heart damage in many four-legged friends that cannot be treated. The high fat content also affects digestion and leads to gastrointestinal complaints.