Everyone would like to have a close friendship with their dog. This requires a well-considered decision.
The dog is considered the most loyal companion of a person. It is not surprising that many people dream of giving a four-legged friend a new home. But new dog owners are asking themselves: Which dog suits me?
At the beginning it is important to make general considerations such as:
- Do I have enough space for a dog?
- Do I have the small change necessary for food, taxes and insurance as well as any veterinary costs?
- Do I have enough time or am I ready to take it?
After you have cleared all the initial doubts and decided that you want to live with a dog in the future, there is another important decision to make:
What breed should your dog be?
This decision should not be so much about the optics, but rather about the different breed characteristics. As you can also read on our dog breed pages, each dog breed originally had a specific task:
As the name suggests, shepherd dogs were used as sheep herding dogs. In doing so, emphasis was placed on characteristics such as intelligence, obedience and endurance. The shepherds needed dogs that reliably held and guarded the herd in all weather and adversity and were not suddenly overpowered by the hunting instinct.
Dachshunds are quite cute to look at as puppies, but as adult animals they absolutely need a task.
On the other hand, the tasks with the Dachshund, which was used as a hunting dog specifically for roof hunting, were completely different. The hunters needed a self-confident and strong-willed dog who could make decisions and do his job alone in the badger building. And again completely different with the pug, which was bred from the start as a companion dog and whose only task was and is to please its owner. For this he needs a loving and balanced being, which predestines him as a family dog but makes him completely unsuitable as a guard dog. The pug would rather greet a burglar wagging his tail than barking him away.
Which breed of dog suits me?
You can see that before buying a dog it is very important that you think about what kind of dog would suit you. It is by no means so easy that you can say the smaller the dog, the easier it is to care for. It is better to classify the dog breeds based on their urge to move and their character.
But here too it is important to emphasize:
Not every dog has read its breed description too! 😉
This means that there are also very quiet representatives of the breeds that are more keen to move or very lively companion dogs. Of course, the formative phase during growing up also plays a role in character formation.
Dogs who love sports
This includes all the dog breeds, for whom it is not enough to take a lap around the block three times a day. Rather, you have to exercise these dogs not only mentally but also physically. As a rule, these breeds have been bred as hunting or herding dogs. In order to do justice to the intelligence and the urge to move of the dogs, you should definitely give your four-legged friend a task in addition to long walks. Be it through intelligence games, agility training or training as a rescue or tracking dog. Dog sport or dog breed clubs will be happy to help you find the right task.
These movement-intensive breeds include:
- Airedale Terrier
- Australian Shepherd
- Bearded collie
- German Shepherd Dog and White Swiss Shepherd Dog
- Flat Coated Retriever
- Standard poodle
- Irish terrier
- Jack Russel terrier
- Magyar Vizsla
- Rhodesian Ridgeback
- Shetland Sheepdog (Sheltie)
- Welsh or English Springer Spaniel
- Miniature Pinscher
All good-natured breeds with a high tolerance for noise and bustle are suitable as family dogs. Such dog breeds remain calm and relaxed even when children are romping around them. They also need more than just quiet walks and don’t get out of breath so quickly on longer trips. In contrast to the sports enthusiastic dog breeds, the family-friendly dog breeds do not need any special task. For them, a balanced, active family life is sufficient.
Examples of such family dogs are:
- Bernese Mountain Dog
- Boston terrier
- French bulldog
- Golden retriever
- Standard poodle
- Irish Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier
- Labrador retriever
- Lagotto Romagnolo
These dog breeds were partly bred as service dogs and are usually rather short-legged. So they are very related to their owners and are satisfied with short walks.
However, you shouldn’t stamp them as pure cuddly and lap dogs. These breeds also need regular employment and a good upbringing so that they do not mutate into unbalanced barkers. Nevertheless, due to their good-natured and calm nature, they are also suitable for city apartments or seniors.
The rather quiet dog breeds include:
- Cavalie King Charles Spaniel
- English Cocker Spaniel
- French bulldog
- Lagotto Romagnolo
- West Highland White Terrier
Crossbreed dogs count the cross between all non-purebred dogs of the same breed. It can still be clearly seen which dog breed was involved or the properties are heavily watered down.
Even with purebred dogs, there can be differences in character from animal to animal. With a mixed breed dog it is even more difficult to guess the character in advance. This can be an advantage or a disadvantage. Mixed breeds can also be very healthy and balanced dogs and loving family members, as the disadvantageous properties of a dog breed have sometimes disappeared.
Before admitting a mongrel dog to your family, you should gather as much information as possible about him:
- Who were his parents?
- Have you had any health problems?
- How did he grow up?
This way you stay away from nasty surprises and can find a friend for life with your four-legged friend.
How do I find a dog breed that suits me?
You see that due to the countless dog breeds, only a fraction of which have been listed here, it is very difficult to make a decision, especially as a beginner dog. This article can only give you a first glimpse. By clicking on the listed dog breeds you can access our breed portraits, which are constantly being expanded. Some dog breeds cannot easily be classified into one of the three categories and some into several. Don’t let this irritate you and use this division as a first guide.
In addition to information about the different or a specific dog breed, talking to dog owners will also help you make your decision. Ask acquaintances, relatives or friends who already have a dog, why they chose this breed and what needs to be considered. Animal shelters or breeders can also help you with your questions. If this is not the case, then you are not dealing with a good animal shelter or breeder and you should look around otherwise! Good animal shelters and breeders ask you about your lifestyle if you are interested and advise you if this breed or the dog does not suit you.