No matter which training method is used, they are all, really all, based on learning theory. Only names are put on it and then it is suggested to us that this is a completely new method.
But that is not the case. Living beings, regardless of whether we humans, dogs, horses, cats etc. all learn the same way – the mouse does not bite a thread. Either we reward behavior that we like, or we punish behavior that we don’t like. It’s that simple for now.
And nothing in life is exclusive. That means there is no training for our dogs that is only based on reward. Wherever reward is involved, it is also punishment. But punishment does not have to be violence on a physical or psychological level (leash, water spray, shouting, physically pressing …).
It is also a punishment if the dog is denied something that he would like to have, or if something is taken away from him that he would like to have.
It is simply important that we humans know what the individual types of learning (reward and punishment) trigger in our dog – rather joy and motivation or fear and uncertainty.
Of course, it also affects our relationship with us. I myself would rather trust a person who treats me kindly and nicely than someone I get lubricated from time to time?
And then it’s just an ethical question, I think. How do I want to deal with a living being that I have brought to me without their prior permission? It does not know how it should behave in our society, we have made the rules of conduct in our human society bipedal. If we want our dog to adapt to them, then we can teach them to us with understanding and love. Because how is he supposed to know that it’s okay if, for example, the postman brings letters? In the past, it would have been okay if the dog had hit when someone entered the property. Suddenly not today …
If I was suddenly transported to a new country and I do not know my way there, I would also be grateful if someone explained to me patiently, kindly and understandably how it went there. And not just because I did something wrong out of ignorance, got a whistle for 10 straight away.
The only question is, what do I want and how do I want to teach my dog? Do I want him to stay with me for fear of possible consequences or whether he wants to be called by the rabbit out of sheer motivation and joyful cooperation with me?
That is the question we can ask ourselves.
And of course, good dog training not only includes praise, but you as a person are also in demand. You can become a leader, be clear with yourself and exude sovereignty and that is also a development process.