Recently, researchers from a Chinese academy of science caused a sensation worldwide with a study in which they estimated that humans and cats lived together for more than 5,000 years. The Chinese researchers have found cat bones during excavations that clearly show traces of domestication by humans. According to the researchers, the findings suggest that humans have long used the cats to protect their grain stores from mice, rats and other rodents.
5,000 years is a very considerable time, but the cats are clearly exceeded by the dogs here too. Three times as much, science assumes that humans and dogs (or wolves) already came together 15,000 years ago! Before humans and wolves were primarily competitors (and thus bitter enemies), an approximation must have occurred in the Stone Age, of which scientists can still not clearly say whether it originated from dogs or humans …
However, it is certain due to various archaeological finds that individual wolves and humans lived ever closer together. Presumably, the rapprochement must be thought of as a long process in which the wolves first started following people and circling their camps. Not because they saw humans as prey, but because they hoped for food waste – similar to what we know today from the pigeons in the city or the birds on the open sea and the fishing trawlers.
Hunters and guards
People must have noticed the usefulness of the animals. On the one hand, the animals (probably involuntarily at first) have proven to be good guards for the camp, raising the alarm for other animals or other people. On the other hand, it is assumed that people went hunting with the wolves, since both benefited from this. And not just in one region, according to DNA tests, humans and wolves in all likelihood have come closer together in different regions.
During this time, humans must have begun to breed the wolf – initially unintentionally, so that it eventually developed into a dog. Man kept the offspring of particularly loyal or servant animals, and in turn crossed them with other animals that were distinguished by certain characteristics. It is known from ancient Egypt that there were already different breeds, although the focus of the first breeding efforts was primarily on special hunting dogs that could also be used for fast prey like antelopes.
Military service dogs
The Romans are known to have bred dogs specially for military service to use them in battles – a rather unfortunate tradition that was continued in the form of messenger dogs even during the First World War. It is now believed that the Roman military dogs were the first ancestors of the mastiffs. A specialization developed more and more. Dogs were bred for certain tasks – such as speed, instinct, hunting instinct – from which the later dog breeds developed, which were perfected in the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries.
The downside: dogs get diseases like humans, also due to food
Due to the fact that the dog has lived with humans and human civilization for so long, the dog has also brought in diseases that people can already sing a sad song about.
Dogs today not only get harmless colds, but also serious heart diseases, epilepsy, cancer and finally allergies. This is just one of the many good reasons why we at nutricanis completely do without gluten – a nutritional supplement that shouldn’t be found in any dog food. It is estimated that 20 percent of all dogs now suffer from allergies! This also shows a clear connection between allergies and breeding, certain, mostly highly bred breeds such as the English Bulldog suffer significantly more frequently from this faulty reaction of the immune system.
Since a dog suffers from allergies for a lifetime (unfortunately only desensitization is possible, not 100% therapy), it would be desirable if the dog breeders were to take greater care in the future that they did not breed allergy sufferers. After all, humans and dogs have lived together for millennia, a community from which both have so far benefited. And so that it stays that way, the breeders should refrain from anything that leads to further diseases of civilization in the dog.