Dogs have an average life expectancy of 10 to 16 years. Which dog gets how old depends on various external and genetic factors. Small breed dogs get older than large dogs. Mixed breeds often live longer than pedigree dogs. A connection between gender and life expectancy could not be demonstrated, however, neutered dogs become on average one year older than uncastrated ones. Obesity and other illnesses lead to a shortened lifespan.
Dog life expectancy facts
- The average life expectancy of dogs is 10 to 16 years
- Smaller dog breeds have a longer life expectancy than large dog breeds
- The life expectancy of males and females is similar
- On average, castrated dogs live a year longer than uncastrated ones
- Normal weight dogs have a longer life expectancy than overweight dogs
- Optimal nutrition and adequate care have a positive impact on life expectancy
Extension of the dog’s life
Healthy dog food
When feeding dogs, regular care should be taken to ensure that the dog food contains all the nutrients such as amino acids, proteins, vitamins and minerals in an amount appropriate to the needs. A standard food can often not meet the individual needs of the individual dog.
The nutritional requirement also changes with age, so that an adapted diet is necessary. Since old dogs easily lose their appetite, it is important, especially with increasing dog age, that the food is easily digestible and tasty. Because older dogs move less than young, they require less energy and are easily overweight. Therefore, the amount and fat content of the feed in older dogs can be reduced.
A lot of movement
Regular and steady movement, such as during walks, adequately supports the circulation and digestion of dogs. Even movement is ideal for keeping muscles, ligaments and joints healthy. With good and proper care, life expectancy and quality can certainly be increased. An adult and healthy dog should have at least 2 hours of exercise in fresh air every day.
The consequences of being overweight can be diabetes, joint problems, cardiovascular complaints and other diseases. As a result, avoiding being overweight can significantly improve the quality of life and life expectancy of dogs. If the dog is already overweight, a gentle weight loss should be aimed for with a high-quality diet food.
An excessive amount of stress is not only stressful for us humans. Dogs’ quality of life will also decrease if they are exposed to too much stress. It is therefore important to recognize what stressors are for your dog and to reduce them as much as possible. In addition, the dog should be kept appropriately to lead a happy dog life.
Medical retirement provision for dogs to prevent diseases
In order to prevent age problems in dogs, such as diabetes, arthrosis and muscle wasting, it is important to present aging dogs to the veterinary practice once a year for a preventive check-up. Many old-age diseases can only be recognized externally by laymen when it is almost too late. In the case of early detection in the veterinary practice, treatment is initiated in good time. In addition, annual vaccinations can be carried out in practice, which are helpful for older dogs because their own immune defenses become weaker.
Which dog breeds live the longest? Life expectancy of small dogs
Dachshunds, Miniature Poodles, Yorkshire Terriers and Chihuahua are among other dog breeds that are said to have a higher life expectancy. In rare cases, the dogs can live up to 20 years. The average age for small dog breeds is 14 to 18 years.
Dog breeds with lower life expectancy
On the other hand, there are dog breeds whose life expectancy is shorter than the average, even if there are always individual exceptions. These breeds include the Great Dane, the Bernese Mountain Dog and the Irish Wolfhound. They are usually only 6 to 10 years old.
Life Expectancy Of Mixed Breeds: Are Mixed Breeds Older Than Pedigree Dogs?
There is no general answer to the question of whether hybrids reach an older age than their pure-bred counterparts. Although there are specimens that reach an older age than the average, the health of the ancestors is also decisive here. Studies show that hybrids need veterinary help as often as pedigree dogs. In addition to the health of the parent animals, the size of the mongrel also plays a role here.