A dog needs exercise every day – every responsible dog owner knows that. How often and how long a dog has to be outdoors depends on the animal and depends on the breed, age and other factors. Even when walking the dog, the dog owner must know some duties and take certain special features into account.
Information worth knowing about the walk
How often take a dog for a walk?
The frequency of daily walking primarily depends on how often the dog has to do its business. There are considerable differences due to age. While puppies have to relieve themselves more often – sometimes every 2-3 hours – in adult dogs, 3-4 courses are usually sufficient. However, going to the toilet must not be confused with the dog’s general need for movement, which can vary greatly depending on the breed. Small breeds such as the Dachshund or the Yorkshire Terrier often have a surprisingly high urge to move, which should not be underestimated.
Go for a walk with the dog
How long to take a dog for a walk?
How long a dog should be moved depends on several factors. The age, health status and activity of the dog play a role here, as do the breed-related properties. Lack of exercise is just as harmful to the dog as laps that are too long or too strenuous. A garden, no matter how big, can complement the spout, but it cannot completely replace it. It is helpful for dog owners to orientate themselves on the behavior of the dog, who usually clearly shows his need for exercise as well as his exhaustion. The basic rule when going for a walk, however, is that the owner and not the dog decides when the end is.
The right place to go for a walk
Walking the dog daily is not only used to do his business. Rather, he wants to be able to let off steam, sniff, run and browse and be busy. Different surfaces and varied routes ensure that the dog always has something to discover. In general, low-traffic routes and soft surfaces such as forest floors and country lanes are best suited for daily walks. In summer, care should also be taken to ensure that the dog has sufficient shade and possibly a lake or stream to cool off. Where it is not possible to let the dog run freely, a longer leash can increase freedom of movement. This is also useful for dogs that cannot run freely for various reasons, such as hunting instinct.
Obligations when going for a walk
Dog owners are generally liable for any damage their dog causes, so liability insurance for the dog should definitely be taken out. When going for a walk, they are also obliged to remove dog droppings from public areas. If you fail to do so, you risk a warning or fine, which is set individually by the municipalities. In addition, dogs often have to be kept in a leash in some areas such as green areas or inner city areas; this is also regulated by the responsible municipalities. Depending on the federal state, the so-called list dogs are subject to a general leash and muzzle obligation. These are the dog breeds that are classified as particularly dangerous. However, there is the possibility to prove the harmlessness of a list dog by means of an essence test.
Special features – what needs to be considered when going for a walk?
In winter and in the dark, dog owners should place greater emphasis on safety. Especially with dark animals, it is recommended to wear reflective or luminous equipment. Appropriate collars, harnesses or pendants are suitable for this, the latter should be visible from both sides.
Dogs who live in a flat can suffer hip or joint damage if they climb stairs frequently. Here it makes sense to carry the dog outdoors. This is especially true for breeds that tend to have joint problems, as well as for all dogs during growth.
Dog owners can also harm their dog with joint jogging or cycling tours. Not every dog can cope with such a burden, so the veterinarian should have given his approval.
A special case is going for a walk with puppies, who should not travel long distances yet. However, puppies have to go outside more often to do their business. As a rule of thumb, a puppy should be moved for about 5 minutes per gait and month of life, so a time of 15 minutes is sufficient for a 12-week-old puppy, so that he can process all the impressions collected and his joints are not damaged.